Favorit is now the world's most powerful and efficient air defense system.
Efficient protection from air attacks is essential for any state. The past few years have proved this assertion more than once. The Persian Gulf war graphically demonstrated that modern air attack weapons are capable of independently fulfilling major strategic tasks and actually determining the outcome of a military conflict even before the beginning of ground operations by delivering blows to major enemy defense and industrial facilities.
Such blows are characterized by the mass use of strategic and tactical aviation, cruise missiles and high-accuracy weapons in all possible conditions, including intensive active and passive jamming. This factor must be taken into account in developing and modernizing air defense systems.
54K6E2 battle management center
The efficiency of modern air defense systems primarily depends on their ability to counter tactical missiles, above all Scud missiles which today are classified as non-strategic missiles. This task has been given top priority largely owing to the role Iraq's ballistic missiles played during the Gulf hostilities.
On the day after an anti-Iraqi coalition launched its Operation Desert Storm, Iraq attacked the coalition with Scuds and their variants. Anticipating this development of events, the coalition command had, before the operation, deployed in the region the world's first local antimissile missile system, based on the United States' Patriot missile.
Dozens of Iraqi Scuds fired at Israel and Saudi Arabia at night killed tens of peoples (among them 28 servicemen who were in barracks destroyed by one of the missiles) and injured several hundred people. For the so-called "hi-tech war" those were rather high figures. The much-publicized coalition missiles proved inefficient in combating Scuds because they failed to destroy them by exploding close to them.
The Gulf war caused an increase in attention to the problem of anti-ballistic missile defense in all the major countries of the world, on the one hand, and prompted them to work out programs for developing or purchasing ballistic missiles, on the other.
The names of such ballistic missiles as Jericho, No Dong, Taeno Dong, and Eastern Wind have only recently made it onto the pages of newspapers and magazines. To have a Scud of one's own today or in the next few years has for some countries become a matter of national prestige.
64N6E2 acquisition radar
The obvious strategic gap in the range of armaments and military equipment in service with Western armed forces, which manifested itself so graphically during Operation Desert Storm, gave new impetus to the development of antimissile programs in the USA, France, Israel, and some other countries. The outcome of the Gulf war also largely determined the direction of the modernization of Russia's widely known S-300PMU1 air defense missile system, named Favorit.
This system is the result of cooperation between industrial enterprises, research institutes, design bureaus, plants and financial structures grouped in the Oboronitelniye Sistemy (Defence Systems) Financial and Industrial Group. This group, which unites Russian businesses and all leading specialists currently developing and manufacturing air defense systems, ensures the high quality of these systems, the organization of their repairs and warranty maintenance, the production of spare parts and the training of specialists. What is the Favorit missile system?
Favorit was developed by the Almaz Central Design Bureau which has already created several generations of missile systems: from S-25 to S-300PMU1, most of which have been sold to dozens of countries around the world.
|Target engagement range, km: |
|Target engagement altitude, km: |
|Maximum target speed, km/h||10,000|
|Number of simultaneously engaged targets||36|
|Number of simultaneously guided missiles||72|
|Rate of fire, sec||3|
|Time of deployment, min||5|
Essentially, this is a universal mobile multichannel air defense system. It is intended to ensure highly efficient protection of major government and defense facilities from mass strikes of modern and future aircraft, strategic cruise missiles, tactical and theater ballistic missiles and other airborne weapons. It functions within the full range of altitudes and speeds of targets' combat employment, including in heavy electronic countermeasures environments.
The Favorit system comprises the 83M6E2 command post and up to six S-300PMU2 air defense missile systems. The command post consists of the 54K6E2 battle management center and the 64N6E2 acquisition radar. Each air defense missile system includes the 30N6E2 multifunctional illumination and guidance radar and up to 12 5P85SE (5P85TE) launchers. The S-300PMU2 system may also accommodate the 96L6E radar.
The 54K6E2 battle management center collects and analyzes aerial situation data from various sources, exercises fire control, receives commands and information on air targets from the air defense zone command post, prioritizes threats, distributes targets among air defense missile complexes and designates the targets to be destroyed. The battle management center can control any combination of S-300PMU2, S-300PMU1, S-300PMU and S-200VE air defense missile systems.
The fully-automatic 64N6E2 acquisition radar provides the command post with data on aerial targets within a range of 300 kilometers