اولا مصدر على مفاوضات السعودية مع فرنسا على القمر العسكرى التجسسى
ليوضح لنا كثير من الحقائق بعد ماذكرتها عن الاقمار المدينة والعسكرية
فى مجال الاستشعار عن بعد !!!! والفرق بينها !!!!! فرنسا تعرض على السعودية
اقمار عسكرية وليست مدنية !!!!! بالمناسبة شئ مهم جدا للفائدة عن الاقمار العسكرية !!!!!
In 2009, Paris provided the Saudi Arabian National Guard, a powerful largely tribal force separate from the regular army, with Helios imagery to aid SANG's operations against Yemeni Houthi rebels along the kingdom's mountainous southern border.
طبعا الخبر يقول ان فرنسا قدمت للسعودية ايام حروب الحوثيين صور بواسطة قمر Helios
تعرض مواقع الحوثيين على طول الحدود الجنوبية السعودية مع اليمن وهذا يوضح فائدة الاقمار
العسكرية التجسسية والفرق بينها وبين الاقمار المدنية والسؤال لماذا فرنسا قدمت هذه الصور
مع ان اقمار السعودية المدنية كانت موجودة !!!!! وكذلك الخبر يوضح لنا عرض فرنسا للسعودية
لشراء اقمار عسكرية ..... الخبر كاملا !!!!!
RIYADH, Saudi Arabia, Oct. 14 (UPI) -- The French government, fresh from securing a $913 million deal with the United Arab Emirates for two military satellites, is pushing hard to sell a military system to Saudi Arabia.
The French are driving to corner a strategic foothold for satellite business with Arab monarchies in the Persian Gulf as they square off against Iran."To win these contracts and secure the future of its military space arm, France is ready to make major concessions both in terms of its satellite's ground resolution and its coverage area," Intelligence Online, a Paris-based website, reports. Convincing the Saudis to buy a Pleiades surveillance satellite was one of the main objectives of French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian's visit to Riyadh earlier this month -- his third since May 2012 -- following the July signing of a memorandum of understanding. The French have an edge in their negotiations with Riyadh. In 2009, Paris provided the Saudi Arabian National Guard, a powerful largely tribal force separate from the regular army, with Helios imagery to aid SANG's operations against Yemeni Houthi rebels along the kingdom's mountainous southern border. Le Drian was heavily involved in the July sale to the Emirates, a federation of seven sheikdoms, of two high-resolution Helios spy satellites. They will be built by Astrium, the space division of the European aerospace and defense giant EADS, and Thales Alenia Space, a joint venture between France's Thales and Finmeccanica of Italy. The Helios is based on Astrium's highly successful Eurostar E3000 platform. EADS has close ties to the Mubadala Development Co., the Emirates' investment arm which is heavily involved in the federation's drive to develop its own defense industry. The French beat out Lockheed Martin of the United States, which defense analysts attributed largely to the French companies' involvement in the Emirates' $1.6 billion Yahsat communications satellite program launched in 2007. The so-called Falcon Eye contract included an agreement between Paris and Doha for French expertise to assist the Emirates' military interpret the satellite imagery and to share received intelligence, French officials said at the time. Securing that contract has given the French a clear lead in selling satellite systems to other states in the region which is heavily reliant on U.S. arms sales to counter the perceived threat from Iran and its missile-nuclear programs. France has been a key supplier of military systems to the Emirates for many years. This includes 390 Leclerc main battle tanks built by Giat Industries, which in 2006 became state-owned Nexter, and 50 Dassault Mirage 2000-9DAD/EAD combat jets. The Saudis are also keen to develop their own satellite sector to complement their acquisition of advanced U.S. weapons systems to strengthen their military posture against Iran across the gulf. France and the kingdom have been cooperating in the field of image intelligence for some 20 years. In the 1980s, Paris helped the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology develop an intelligence-oriented department to receive imagery from French satellites. The French, more than other major Western defense industries, have been more flexible in providing military intelligence equipment to the Saudis than some of their rivals. In the Falcon Eye deal, Paris, seeking to beat off the competition, agreed to reduce the ground resolution of satellites it exported to 50 centimeters, or 19-1/2 inches, instead of the internationally recognized 70 centimeters, or 27 inches. "For satellite operators, the next objective is to obtain approval to export images with a resolution below 30 centimeters, or 11-2/3 inches, which would not only make it possible to see objects better but would also enable the viewer to discern a greater number of objects," Intelligence Online observed. However, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is refusing to go below 50 centimeters. "To date, no European government has gone against the U.S. and opened up the market, despite the growing pressure on satellite operators," Intelligence Online noted. But it reported that "in certain particularly sensitive areas, like Iran, but also Afghanistan, the Emirates' armed forces will be offered an even lower resolution, probably closer to 38 centimeters," or nearly 15 inches. Qatar, the tiny gas-rich emirate that borders Saudi Arabia, is also looking to have its own military surveillance satellite capability. It too has been a regular buyer of French weapons, including Mirage 2000ED, SA-342 Gazelle helicopters and Combattante-III naval patrol craft.
طبعا للتوضيح Helios 1
The Helios programme is Europe’s first military optical reconnaissance system, jointly funded by the French, Italian and Spanish governments, and consists of a space segment and a user ground segment. It can acquire high-resolution images of any point on the globe, with a daily revisit capability. The satellite work plan is set up daily in response to requests from the individual Helios partner countries.
قمر عسكرى وليس مدنى !!!!!!
Helios 2 is the second generation of the European military optical reconnaissance system. A French–Belgian–Spanish–Greek partnership programme, the Helios 2 system, comprising two optical satellites and a user ground segment developed under Astrium prime contractorship, provides a number of key enhancements including higher resolution, infra-red imaging capability for night detection and shorter revisit cycles.
كذلك قمر عسكرى وليس مدنى !!!!!
وكذلك ايضا مصدر اخر لعرض فرنسا الاقمار العسكرية على السعودية !!!!
Des satellites d'observation ?
DCNS a déjà obtenu un autre contrat de 150 millions d'euros pour la modernisation des frégates Sawari 2 dans le cadre d'un accord-cadre global. Un trépied qui lui a permis d'entamer les négociations sur Sawari 3.
Enfin, Paris négocie également avec Ryad des hélicoptères et de deux satellites d'observation, proposés conjointement comme aux Emirats Arabes Unis par Astrium et Thales Alenia Space. La filiale spatiale de Thales pourrait être cette fois le maître d'oeuvre de ce programme, selon nos informations. Les deux industriels proposeraient un satellite de type Pléiades, à l'image de leur récent succès à Abu Dhabi.
طبعا يجب ان نلاحظ ان Falcon Eye 1, 2 هما قمريين عسكريين اى للاستخدامات العسكرية !!!!!
وهم النسخة العسكرية فقط من اقمار Pléiades التى تستخدم فى الاستعملات المدنية والعسكرية
وهذا الغرض من Pléiades اما النسخة الاماراتية عين الصقر تستخدم فقط كااقمار تجسسية
اى نسخة عسكرية فقط ومن يتحكم بها القوات المسلحة الاماراتية !!!!!
Operator:United Arab Emirates Armed Forces
وولتوضيح اكثر عن Pléiades واستخدام المدنى والعسكرى !!!!!
Pléiades: the next generation of observation satellites
Pléiades is an optical observation system consisting of two identical satellites that deliver 50 cm colour products. Operating on a phased orbit, the Pléiades system affords a daily revisit capability on any point of the globe, to better address civilian and military requirements. It is based on smaller, cheaper, more agile satellites than its redecessors, highly successful Spot series of satellites which have operated an uninterrupted service since 1986 and whose platform is currently also in use for nearly all European Low Earth Observation programmes (notably ERS, Envisat, MetOp and Helios). Pléiades incorporates innovative technology such as the gyroscopic actuators that will be carried for the first time in Europe on board the Pléiades satellites to provide unprecedented performance. The two Pléiades satellites form the optical component of the dual civil/military French–Italian observation system Orfeo Italy is supplying the COSMO-SkyMed radar component. The programme is being developed under the responsibility of the French space agency CNES. Astrium is the prime contractor for the design, development, build, and delivery of the two satellites. The satellites will be launched from the European Spaceport in Kourou by a Soyuz-Fregat rocket. The first satellite, Pléiades 1A, was launched on 16 December 2011, and the second is scheduled for launch in late 2012.